Psychological or emotional maltreatment of children may be the most challenging and prevalent form of child abuse and neglect caregiver behaviors include acts of omission (ignoring need for social interactions) or commission (spurning, terrorizing) may be verbal or nonverbal, active or passive. The first formal theory of child sexual abuse, appearing in the professional literature in the 1960s and 1970s, may be family systems theory (carper, 1979 machotka, pittman, & flomenhaft, 1967. Child welfare practice models: literature review and implementation considerations (pdf - 286 kb) california social work education center (2010) examines the use of practice models in child welfare and discusses strategies for choosing and implementing a model.
Evaluate four theoretical models of child abuse there are four theoretical models of abuse these are: medical model sociological model psychological model feminist model i will now go on to describe the different models of child abuse, and also evaluate them aswell. Theories of child physical abuse 1 assessment of physical abuse using the ecological/transactional model integrating risk and protective factors. The four pre conditions model prev contents next a model to understand why/how someone may sexually abuse to bridge the gap between psychological and sociological interpretations of sexual abuse, finkelhor (1984) proposed a multi-factor model which has explanatory power on both levels.
A review of the research on child abuse suggests three basic theoretical models to account for the etiology of abuse: (1) a psychiatric model emphasizing the role of the individual abuser (2) a sociological model highlighting the role of social factors in abuse and (3) the effect of the child on caregiver model pointing toward the role the child plays in stimulating his own maltreatment. Interventions based on social learning theory commonly have the purpose of stopping current and preventing future child abuse and neglect by teaching both the parent and child appropriate relationship skills within the family. Child protection theories of abuse theories of abuse theories of abuse medical model sociological model psychological model feminist model this model suggests that abuse can occur as a result of men and women not having the same ‘place’ in society. This review assesses progress in the development of causal models of physical child abuse by examining the foundations of current theorizing the sociopolitical forces and methodological problems that have acted to inhibit model building are highlighted existing models are then analyzed using five dimensions important to theory construction: definitions, basic assumptions, levels of analysis. The literature on child sexual abuse is full of clinical observations about problems that are thought to be associated with a history of abuse, such as sexual dysfunction, depression, and low self-esteem.
This book was prepared under the impetus of desperate need in academic institutions and clinical and social services for a comprehensive introduction to the diverse theories about child abuse and neglect etiologies. Child abuse and neglect is recognized as one of the major social problems facing modern society today an increase in the theory and research into causes and treatment has resulted in the growth of practical knowledge derived from the fields of psychiatry, psychology, education, sociology, social work, and related professions. Child sexual abuse (csa) is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent abuses a child for sexual stimulation sexual abuse refers to the participation of a child in a sexual act aimed toward the physical gratification or the financial profit of the person committing the act.
The model of child abuse: the severity of the abuse and the motivation of the perpetrator note that we are deliberately moving away from the etiological model of child abuse as introduced by bornfenbrenner (1970), because of its heavy theoretical constructed nature. The ultimate goal is to stop violence before it begins prevention requires understanding the factors that influence violence cdc uses a four-level social-ecological model to better understand violence and the effect of potential prevention strategies¹ this model considers the complex interplay between individual, relationship, community, and societal factors. Understanding child abuse and neglect washington, dc: the national academies press doi: 1017226/2117 the macrosystem is the often invisible layer in theoretical models of child maltreatment, yet its influence is increasingly recognized as important in understanding the hidden forces that govern personal and institutional behaviors.
It's everyone's job to make sure i'm alright literature review causes of child abuse and neglect this chapter looks at the various theories which have been put forward to explain the incidence of child abuse and neglect and considers the characteristics of abusers and victims of child abuse. Most models of the etiology of maltreatment focus on physical abuse, although some of the concepts may generalize to sexual abuse and neglect one of the simplest and earliest models.
Sexual abuse child sexual abuse feminist theory family system theory shadow side these keywords were added by machine and not by the authors this process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Part i – literature review this literature review provides the reader with an overview of major academic works concerning child sexual abuse in the general. Early childhood abuse and neglect abstract with the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in our nation and around the world, the theories of why these types of maltreatment occur are a relevant topic for all to.